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Rocket emissions impact dataset

posted on 2021-11-10, 16:09 authored by Robert Ryan, Eloise MaraisEloise Marais
Excel spreadsheet containing details of 2019 rocket launch emissions inventory included in GEOS-Chem simulations.

Individual rocket launches in 2019 are itemized by geolocation, time, rocket fuel types and emissions of different stages. In addition, this dataset contains time and geolocation information of re-entries of space junk, reusable rocket components and discarded launch parts.

NetCDF files contain GEOS-Chem simulation results for radiative forcing and species concentration changes after a decade of emissions growth and for the space tourism scenario. Specifically, the species concentrations and radiative forcing values presented are the difference: (Simulation including rocket emissions) minus (Simulation without rocket emissions).

Key units:
Radiative forcing units are in W m-2
Species concentrations units are mixing ratio mol mol-1

Metadata information:

GEOS-Chem version for the simulations presented in this dataset: v12.9.7
Information on GEOS-Chem available at

Resources for compilation of the emissions inventory:

ARIANESPACE. 2014. Vega User’s Manual: [Accessed 1-10-2020].

ARIANESPACE. 2018. Soyuz User’s Manual: [Accessed 1-10-2020].

ARIANESPACE. 2020. Ariane 5 User’s Manual. Arianespace: [Accessed 30-9-2020].

BRINK, L. J. B. 2020. Modeling the Impact of Fuel Composition on Aircraft Engine NO, CO and Soot Emissions. Master of Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

CHINA GREAT WALL INDUSTRY CORPORATION. 2020. Space Transportation: [Accessed 5-10-2020].

CHINA SPACE REPORT. 2020. Launch Vehicles. China Space Report: [Accessed 5-10-2020].

ESA 2021. Database and information system characterizing objects in space. European Space Agency.

EUROCKET. 2011. Rockot User’s Guide, Eurocket GMBH: [Accessed 1-10-2020].

GORMAN, S. 2021. Billionaire Branson soars to space aboard Virgin Galactic flight: [Accessed 20/8/2021].

I-SPACE. 2020. Hypebola-1 User Manual: User Manual.pdf [Accessed 5-10-2020].


INDIAN SPACE RESEARCH ORGANISATION. 2020b. Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle: [Accessed 1-10-2020].

JAPAN AEROSPACE EXPLORATION AGENCY. 2018. Epsilon Launch Vehicle User’s Manual: [Accessed 30-9-2020].

JAPAN AEROSPACE EXPLORATION AGENCY. 2020. About H-IIB Launch Vehicle [Online]. Available: [Accessed 5-10-2020].

JOHNSON, E. 2021. 'Road to space': billionaire Bezos has successful suborbital jaunt: [Accessed 20/8/2021].

KORDINA, F. 2021. New Shepard vs Spaceship two: [Accessed 01/09/2021].

KYLE, E. 2020. Space Launch Report: [Accessed 1-10-2020].

LIA, X. 2019. China's commercial carrier rocket Smart Dragon-1 makes maiden flight: [Accessed 5-10-2020].

MOSIER, M. & RUTKOWSKI, E. 1993. Pegasus XL Development and L-1011 Pegasus Carrier Aircraft. Oribital Sciences Corporation.

NASA. 2011. Space Shuttle: [Accessed 27/10/2020].

NASA 2014. Final Environmental Impact Statement for the Mars 2020 Mission. Washington DC, USA.

NORTHROP GRUMMAN. 2020. Antares Fact Sheet: [Accessed 1-10-2020].

ROCKET LAB USA. 2020. Launch: Payload User’s Guide: [Accessed 1-10-2020].

SONG-AN, G. & JUN, G. 1999. LM-4 &LM-2D Launch Vehicles. Cooperation in Space, 430, 499.

SPACEX. 2020. Falcon User’s Guide: [Accessed 30-9-2020].

STARSEM. 2001. Soyuz User’s Manual: [Accessed 5-10-2020].

THE AEROSPACE CORPORATION. 2020. Reentries: [Accessed 26/10/2020].

UNITED LAUNCH ALLIANCE. 2020a. Atlas V: [Accessed 1-10-2020].

UNITED LAUNCH ALLIANCE. 2020b. Delta IV: [Accessed 30-9-2020].

WATTLES, J. 2021. SpaceX just brought the first all-tourist crew back from space. Here's what's next. CNN Business: [Accessed 10/10/2021].


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